Short Description

Affordable RAW Shooter
Casio Exilim ZR700 The Casio Exilim ZR700 is the least expensive digital camera that can shoot raw, at $161.22.

RAW is an image format that captures more information and requires you to process the image on a computer to produce a final photo. Many professionals use RAW. Because RAW images are unmodified the represent all the detail captured by the digital camera and thus provide better quality, capture more detail in highlights and shadow, and can have their white balance adjusted without degradation. The basic concept behind RAW is to capture the least processed information coming from the cameras image sensor. This provides maximum flexibility post process in how to use it. The RAW image data is not displayable as an image by itself, processing is required to turn the raw data into an image. Most digital cameras senors to not capture a convenient array of pixels with RGB values instead they capture a matrix of colors non evenly distributed using a Bayer filter which must be demosiaced to produce an image. RAW images avoid standard in-camera processing done before the image is saved to JPEG (sharpening, applying gamma curves, white balance, noise reduction, exposure adjustment, demosaicing, etc.) - RAW images allow you to do this all post process experimenting with different setting after the photo has been taken permitting more leeway and flexibility in getting the image to look right.

Advantages of RAW Image Format

  • Permits the capture of 12-14 bits of detail per pixel vs 8bit JPEGs allowing greater dynamic range and flexibility when post processing.
  • Ability to set the white balance/color space after the fact - saving you from getting things perfect while shooting
  • Flexibility on how to de mosaic the file for cameras that use Bayer filters - using alternate algorithms
  • Avoiding the overzealous noise reduction algorithms used in-camera in exchange for your own processing/reduction
  • Take advantage of 16-bit processing in programs like Photoshop

Disadvantages of RAW Image Format

  • RAW files use loseless compression so they take significantly more space than JPEG files which use lossy compression
  • RAW files require processing before you can view them as images - this workflow is not convenient for the casual storing and sharing of files
  • Post processing work to get the image right is required. Many people will find it more convenient to let the camera handle white balance, noise reduction, gamma curves, jpeg compression levels, etc.
  • New camera RAW files may not be compatible with old graphics packages like Photoshop forcing costly upgrades or more cumbersome workflows.

Best Digicams that Shoot RAW

The following point and shoot digital cameras are some of the best that shoot raw.

Sony Cybershot DSC-RX100
Sony Cybershot DSC-RX100
from $536
Aperture Wide aperture Help
f/1.8
True resolution High true resolution Help
20 MP
Sensor size Large sensor Help
Nikon CX 13.2x8.8mm

Learn more about the Sony Cybershot DSC-RX100

Sony Cyber-shot RX100 II
Sony Cyber-shot RX100 II
from $664
Aperture Wide aperture Help
f/1.8
True resolution High true resolution Help
20 MP
Sensor size Large sensor Help
Nikon CX 13.2x8.8mm

Learn more about the Sony Cyber-shot RX100 II

Canon PowerShot SX50 HS
Canon PowerShot SX50 HS
from $379
Zoom Great zoom Help
50x
Supports 24p 24p movies Help
For that film look
Screen flips out Flip-out screen Help
Great for movies

Learn more about the Canon PowerShot SX50 HS

Sony Cyber-shot DSC-RX10
Sony Cyber-shot DSC-RX10
from $1,298
Sensor size Large sensor Help
Nikon CX 13.2x8.8mm
True resolution High true resolution Help
20 MP
Overall image quality Great image quality Help
69.0

Learn more about the Sony Cyber-shot DSC-RX10

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